Predictive AI For Organ Matching!
AI Engine to help health care industry in the organ donation and transplantation.
Artificial Intelligence (A.I) is used in all the sectors for improvement and better outcome. For example NASA used Google AI to find new planets in the galaxy. This has become a news for the world.
Since I came across an health emergency in my family, so thought how I can use AI to contribute in healthcare. I determined the best possible match of Kidney Transplantation, started reading the information present around me to find out the information related to these organs. In my findings I found out that each have many complications can also lead to death of an individual.
A kidney transplant may be an option if your kidneys have stopped working entirely. This condition is called end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). If you reach this point, your doctor is likely to recommend dialysis.
In addition to putting you on dialysis, your doctor will tell you if they think you’re a good candidate for a kidney transplant. You’ll need to be healthy enough to have major surgery and tolerate a strict, lifelong medication regimen after surgery to be a good candidate for a transplant. You must also be willing and able to follow all instructions from your doctor and take your medications regularly.
If your doctor thinks you’re good candidate for a transplant, and you’re interested in the procedure, you’ll need to be evaluated at a transplant center. This evaluation usually involves several visits to assess your physical, psychological, and familial condition. The doctors will run tests on your blood and urine and give you a complete physical exam to ensure you’re healthy enough for surgery.
The Matching Process
During the evaluation for a transplant, you’ll have blood tests to determine your blood type (A, B, AB, or O) and your human leukocyte antigen (HLA). HLA is a group of antigens located on the surface of your white blood cells. Antigens are responsible for your body’s immune response. If your HLA type matches the donor’s HLA type, it’s more likely that your body will not reject the kidney. Each person has six antigens, three from each biological parent. The more antigens you have that match those of the donor, the greater the chance of a successful transplant.
Once a potential donor has been identified, you’ll need another test to make sure that your antibodies won’t attack the donor’s organ. This is done by mixing a small amount of your blood with the donor’s blood.
The transplant can’t be done if your blood forms antibodies in response to the donor’s blood. You have what is called a “negative crossmatch” if your blood shows no antibody reaction. This means that the transplant can proceed.
During this process, we take the old data related to this and train our engine.
So how does the engine work?
Engine works but connecting all the hospital present around that town/city/country, it will recognise the best possible chances of the success. We get to know this from the data present with us from the old cases. Our engine reads the information and gets best possible procedure to go ahead. For a simple example, a person in a certain city will be in need to transplantation and he does get suitable match. There is one more person in another city with the same problem. The donor who is ready for that person matches with this person1 and donor of person1 matches with person2. We can plan the best possible match and provide the information to concerned person such that a best possible help will be provided to patients who are in the hospital. The algo helps doctors to get to know the complication which many come to a person while undergoing the procedure such that a solution can be ready while the process is going on. This will reduced the risk of the patients who undergo major operations.
So we are looking forward to work on this and make it a best scenario for showing the capabilities of the AI engine which will increase the life expectancy of a human being.